Varus deformity is an inward angulation (medial angulation, that is, toward the body’s mid-line) of the distal segment of a leg.
→ When the knee is not perfectly aligned, otherwise known as malaligned.
→ Malalignment of the knees is more frequently seen in toddlers, and fortunately, the legs will straighten out as the child grows and matures.
→ Less commonly, knee malalignment is caused by a congenital condition like Blount’s disease or the nutritional disorder Rickets (from vitamin D deficiency).
→ In adults, knee malalignment can be caused by knee trauma, or arthritis, especially rheumatoid arthritis.
→ Lateral knee trust and waddling gait pattern also leads to genu varus.
→ Radiological examination : x-ray taken form AP and Lateral view
→ Varus stress test by physiotherapist.
→ Gradual knee mobilization is the main part of the treatment.
→ Some heat modalities may be given for relief of pain. Like IFT, SWD, TENS are given.
→ Strengthening exercises for quadriceps, hamstrings and gluteus muscles are given.
→ When the patient is able to walk, he is given correct training for standing, balancing, weight transferring and walking.