Kyphosis is an abnormally excessive covex (too much forward curve) of the spine.
Kyphosis associated with neuromuscular disorders
Kyphosis secondary to trauma, tumors, infection, and arthritis
Postural Kyphosis – it’s simply related to poor posture
Structural Kyphosis – it involves part of the spine, and deformity in vertebrae.
Primary Structural kyphosis: it include congenital kyphosis, Scheuermann’s kyphosis
Secondary Structural Kyphosis: it include osteoporosis in the spine weaken, it may be due to primary condition.
Early treatment is impotant to control curve progression especially in adolescents.
Adam’s Forward Bending Test
Range of Motion
assessment of symptoms- pain,numbness,paresthesia,extremity sensationand motor function,muscle spasm,weakness,and bowel and bladder change.
AP and PA and lateral view X-ray taken.
MRI done if spinal cord is compressed
cobbs angel method measured in AP view of X-ray.
Cat and Camel
Quadruped arm and leg raise
Hamstring and tendo achilis streaching