KYPHOSIS

INTRODUCTION:-
Kyphosis is an abnormally excessive covex (too much forward curve) of the spine.

CAUSES:-
Postural round-back
Scheuermann’s Disease
Congenital Kyphosis
Kyphosis associated with neuromuscular disorders
Kyphosis secondary to trauma, tumors, infection, and arthritis

TYPES:-
Postural Kyphosis – it’s simply related to poor posture
Structural Kyphosis – it involves part of the spine, and deformity in vertebrae.
Primary Structural kyphosis: it include congenital kyphosis, Scheuermann’s kyphosis
Secondary Structural Kyphosis: it include osteoporosis in the spine weaken, it may be due to primary condition.

DIAGNOSIS:-
Early treatment is impotant to control curve progression especially in adolescents.
Physical Examination:
Observation
Adam’s Forward Bending Test
Palpation
Range of Motion
Neurologic Evaluation:
assessment of symptoms- pain,numbness,paresthesia,extremity sensationand motor function,muscle               spasm,weakness,and bowel and bladder change.
Radiographic examination:
AP and PA and lateral view X-ray taken.
MRI done if spinal cord is compressed
cobbs angel method measured in AP view of X-ray.

PHYSIOTHERAPY MANGMENT:-


Cat and Camel
Pelivc tilt
Half butterfly
Gluteal streach
Quadruped arm and leg raise
Side plank
Chest up
Arm supoort
Bridging
Hamstring and tendo achilis streaching
Joint mobilization
 Postural braces.

 

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